Immortalizing particular moments of one's life on the skin with the tattoo has become a fashion. The international stars know it well, among the most tattooed the American singer-songwriter Lady Gaga and the Canadian colleague Justin Bieber - the latter seems to have 55 - who do not miss the chance to show off their tattoos in tribute to loves, births and various anniversaries . The tact-mania is not only about the characters of the entertainment world, but is spread all over the world regardless of gender, ethnicity or culture. This is confirmed by a clinical report on the phenomenon, made by the American Academy of Pediatrics which was inspired by a survey conducted in the United States by Harris Poll which showed that 3 out of 10 Americans would have at least one tattoo, and the majority - 69% of the tattooed - would have more than one.
In Italy the demand for tattoos has increased by 60 percent, according to the Higher Institute of Health there are 7 million tattooed, 13% of the population aged 12 and up, so thatIstat he put the word "tattoos" in his basket.
Passion yes, but "eye" to health. It is not enough just to pay attention and not to underestimate the immediate post-tattoo skin reactions, but it’s also important to check the side effects and the real risks related to subcutaneous micro-injections of colored ink especially in medium and long term.
In addition to ensuring that the main hygiene rules are followed - use of disposable gloves and sterilization of the instruments - it is also very important to verify the safety of the composition of the chemical substances of the inks used. Potential dangers of tattoo ink include bacterial contamination, allergies and the risk of toxic effects. The European specialists during the last European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology asked to strengthen the legislation on tattoo inks. At the center of the debate the need therefore to activate "rigorous measures and analytical methods appropriate to limit the toxic and carcinogenic effects in the long term. Tattoo inks should at least meet the same safety standards as those used for cosmetic products ". The Food and Drug Administration has registered over the past few years, as reported inarticle reports of people developing contaminated ink infections as well as adverse reactions to the inks themselves.
For those who choose to leave an indelible mark on their skin rule no.1 it is however to contact specialized and highly qualified centers and request information on the composition of the inks which must be sterile, non-toxic and used in single-use pigment containers / capsules.
"Infectious diseases - explained the dermatologist Stefano Veglio that can derive from tattoos are many: ranging from skin infections at the injection site, to the transmission of viral agents, even dangerous, when using instruments that are not properly sterilized. It should not be forgotten that there are reactions of rejection of inoculated pigment: it is not just allergies (which can come even after years from the tattoo) but sometimes you can find granulomas that represent a reaction of the skin tissue that tries to get rid of a foreign body that does not belong to him. Photosensitivity reactions are fortunately rare but the most recent scientific reports describe with some concern the potentially damaging effects on the immune system by metal ions deriving from the pigments used. Traces of the dye have also been found at a distance in the lymph nodes, a sign that the body does not accept this introduction of exogenous material in an inert way. However, we are not yet in a position to assess whether there are real risks of long-term carcinogenicity, also because the time taken to evaluate this possible association is quite long and the chemical complexity of the inks has changed over time. I would certainly advise against a tattoo for allergic patients or people prone to forming keloid scars ".
No demonization for tattoos that in history have changed "skin" passing from tribal signs of belonging to a social group to signs, in a certain sense, of aesthetic beautification in modern times thanks to the colors and perfect creative and whimsical forms, thus giving uniqueness to the person. To protect yourself from health risks, the advice of Dr. Veglio it is "always to demand the utmost attention to sterility procedures, to request information on the certification of used inks with regard to current regulations and therefore to contact only highly qualified professionals".